1. A tendency to be of a certain type of mood.
  2. State of mind.
  3. The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities.
    the temper of mortar
  4. Constitution of body; the mixture or relative proportion of the four humours: blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy.
  5. The heat treatment to which a metal or other material has been subjected; a material that has undergone a particular heat treatment.
  6. Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure.
    to keep one's temper
  7. The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling.
    the temper of iron or steel
  8. Middle state or course; mean; medium.
  9. Milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.


  1. To moderate or control.
    Temper your language around children.
  2. To strengthen or toughen a material, especially metal, by heat treatment.
    Tempering is a heat treatment technique applied to metals, alloys, and glass to achieve greater toughness by increasing the strength of materials and/or ductility. Tempering is performed by a controlled reheating of the work piece to a temperature below its lower eutectic critical temperature.
  3. To saute spices in ghee or oil to release essential oils for flavouring a dish in South Asian cuisine.
  4. To mix clay, plaster or mortar with water to obtain the proper consistency.
  5. To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use.
  6. To govern; to manage.
  7. To combine in due proportions; to constitute; to compose.
  8. To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage.
  9. To fit together; to adjust; to accomodate.

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