In the natural sciences a protocol is a predefined written procedural method in the design and implementation of experiments. Protocols are written whenever it is desirable to standardize a laboratory method to ensure successful replication of results by others in the same laboratory or by other laboratories. Detailed protocols also facilitate the assessment of results through peer review. In addition to detailed procedures and lists of required equipment and instruments, protocols often include information on safety precautions, the calculation of results and reporting standards, including statistical analysis and rules for predefining and documenting excluded ...

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  1. The minutes, or official record, of a negotiation or transaction; especially a document drawn up officially which forms the legal basis for subsequent agreements based on it.
  2. An official record of a diplomatic meeting or negotiation; later specifically, a draft document setting out agreements to be signed into force by a subsequent formal treaty.
  3. An amendment to an official treaty.
  4. The first leaf of a roll of papyrus, or the official mark typically found on such a page.
  5. The official formulas which appeared at the beginning or end of certain official documents such as charters, papal bulls etc.
  6. The original notes of observations made during an experiment; also, the precise method for carrying out or reproducing a given experiment.
  7. The official rules and guidelines for heads of state and other dignitaries, governing accepted behaviour in relations with other diplomatic representatives or over affairs of state.
  8. An accepted code of conduct; acceptable behaviour in a given situation or group.
  9. A set of formal rules describing how to transmit or exchange data, especially across a network.
  10. The set of instructions allowing a licensed medical professional to start, modify, or stop a medical or patient care order.


  1. To make a protocol of.
  2. To make or write protocols, or first drafts; to issue protocols.

The above text is a snippet from Wiktionary: protocol
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