Sugar is the generalized name for a class of chemically-related sweet-flavored substances, most of which are used as food. They are carbohydrates, composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. There are various types of sugar derived from different sources. Simple sugars are called monosaccharides and include glucose, fructose and galactose. The table or granulated sugar most customarily used as food is sucrose, a disaccharide . Other disaccharides include maltose and lactose. Chemically-different substances may also have a sweet taste, but are not classified as sugars. Some are used as lower-calorie food substitutes for sugar described as artificial sweeteners.

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  1. Sucrose in the form of small crystals, obtained from sugar cane or sugar beet and used to sweeten food and drink.
  2. When used to sweeten a drink, an amount of this substance approximately equal to five grams or one teaspoon.
    He usually has his coffee white with one sugar.
  3. Any of various small carbohydrates that are used by organisms to store energy.
  4. A generic term for sucrose, glucose, fructose, etc.
    I'll be with you in a moment, sugar.
  5. A kiss.
  6. Effeminacy in a male, often implying homosexuality.
    I think John has a little bit of sugar in him.
  7. Diabetes.
  8. Anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance.
    Sugar of lead (lead acetate) is a poisonous white crystalline substance with a sweet taste.
  9. Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.


  1. To add sugar to; to sweeten with sugar.
    John heavily sugars his coffee.
  2. To make (something unpleasant) seem less so.
    She has a gift for sugaring what would otherwise be harsh words.
  3. In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the syrup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; with the preposition off.


  1. Used in place of shit!
    Oh, sugar!

The above text is a snippet from Wiktionary: sugar
and as such is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

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