Shame is, variously, an affect, emotion, cognition, state, or condition. The roots of the word shame are thought to derive from an older word meaning "to cover"; as such, covering oneself, literally or figuratively, is a natural expression of shame. Nineteenth century scientist Charles Darwin, in his book The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, described shame affect as consisting of blushing, confusion of mind, downward cast eyes, slack posture, and lowered head, and he noted observations of shame affect in human populations worldwide. He also noted the sense of warmth or heat occurring in intense shame.

The above text is a snippet from Wikipedia: Shame
and as such is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.



  1. Uncomfortable or painful feeling due to recognition or consciousness of impropriety, dishonor or other wrong in the opinion of the person experiencing the feeling. It is caused by awareness of exposure of circumstances of unworthiness or of improper or indecent conduct.
  2. Something to regret.
  3. Reproach incurred or suffered; dishonour; ignominy; derision.
  4. That which is shameful and private, especially body parts.
    Cover your shame!


  1. To feel shame, be ashamed.
    I do shame / To think of what a noble strain you are. — Shakespeare.
  2. To cause to feel shame.
    I was shamed by the teacher's public disapproval.
  3. To cover with reproach or ignominy; to dishonour; to disgrace.
  4. To mock at; to deride.


  1. A cry of admonition for the subject of a speech, often used reduplicated, especially in political debates.
  2. Expressing sympathy.
    Shame, you poor thing, you must be cold!

The above text is a snippet from Wiktionary: shame
and as such is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

Need help with a clue?
Try your search in the crossword dictionary!