A bushel is an imperial and U.S. customary unit of dry volume, equivalent in each of these systems to 4 pecks or 8 gallons . It is used for volumes of dry commodities, most often in agriculture. It is abbreviated as bsh. or bu. In modern usage, the dry volume is usually only nominal, with bushels referring to standard weights instead.[[File:Queensland Government Imperial Bushel AD1875.jpg|thumb|Queensland Government Standard Imperial Bushel. Queensland Museum]]

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  1. A dry measure, containing four pecks, eight gallons (36.4 L), or thirty-two quarts.
    The Winchester bushel, formerly used in England, contained 2150.42 cubic inches, being the volume of a cylinder 181/2 inches in internal diameter and eight inches in depth. The standard bushel measures, prepared by the United States Government and distributed to the States, hold each 77.6274 pounds of distilled water, at 39.8° Fahr. and 30 inches atmospheric pressure, being the equivalent of the Winchester bushel. The imperial bushel now in use in England is larger than the Winchester bushel, containing 2218.2 cubic inches, or 80 pounds of water at 62° Fahr.
  2. A vessel of the capacity of a bushel, used in measuring; a bushel measure.
  3. A quantity that fills a bushel measure; as, a heap containing ten bushels of apples.
    In the United States a large number of articles, bought and sold by the bushel, are measured by weighing, the number of pounds that make a bushel being determined by State law or by local custom. For some articles, as apples, potatoes, etc., heaped measure is required in measuring a bushel.
  4. A large indefinite quantity.
  5. The iron lining in the nave of a wheel. 1 In the United States it is called a box.

The above text is a snippet from Wiktionary: bushel
and as such is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

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